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Past Questions and Answers

WAEC Animal Husbandry Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)

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WAEC Animal Husbandry Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)


Section A: Multiple Choice Questions


Question: What is the gestation period of a cow?


A) 9 months

B) 10 months

C) 11 months

D) 12 months

Answer: C) 11 months

Question: Which vitamin is essential for preventing rickets in poultry?


A) Vitamin A

B) Vitamin D

C) Vitamin K

D) Vitamin E

Answer: B) Vitamin D

Question: What is the primary purpose of a livestock chute in animal handling?


A) Feeding

B) Milking

C) Vaccination

D) Shelter

Answer: C) Vaccination

Question: Which breed of chicken is known for its high egg production?


A) Rhode Island Red

B) Leghorn

C) Plymouth Rock

D) Wyandotte

Answer: B) Leghorn

Question: What is the primary nutrient in forages for ruminant animals?


A) Carbohydrates

B) Proteins

C) Fats

D) Minerals

Answer: A) Carbohydrates

Question: In poultry farming, what does the term “broiler” refer to?


A) Egg-laying hen

B) Young chicken for meat

C) Male chicken

D) Turkey

Answer: B) Young chicken for meat

Question: Which disease is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine) in ruminants?


A) Foot and Mouth Disease

B) White Muscle Disease

C) Fowl Cholera

D) Coccidiosis

Answer: B) White Muscle Disease

Question: What is the main function of a creep feeder in animal husbandry?


A) Providing shade

B) Separating sick animals

C) Feeding young animals

D) Controlling pests

Answer: C) Feeding young animals

Question: Which of the following is a zoonotic disease transmitted from animals to humans?


A) Avian Influenza

B) Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (BRSV)

C) Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)

D) Equine Influenza

Answer: A) Avian Influenza

Question: What is the purpose of dehorning cattle in animal husbandry?


A) Enhancing milk production

B) Reducing aggression

C) Preventing foot diseases

D) Improving wool quality

Answer: B) Reducing aggression

Question: Which mineral is crucial for preventing goiter in livestock?


A) Zinc

B) Iodine

C) Selenium

D) Iron

Answer: B) Iodine

Question: What is the primary source of vitamin D for grazing animals?


A) Sunlight

B) Hay

C) Grains

D) Insects

Answer: A) Sunlight

Question: Which factor is essential for successful artificial insemination in cattle?


A) Age of the bull

B) Timing of insemination

C) Size of the herd

D) Color of the cattle

Answer: B) Timing of insemination

Question: What is the purpose of using a farrowing crate in pig farming?


A) Controlling disease

B) Facilitating mating

C) Ensuring safety during birth

D) Improving wool quality

Answer: C) Ensuring safety during birth

Question: Which parasite commonly affects sheep’s digestive system?


A) Fleas

B) Ticks

C) Tapeworms

D) Mites

Answer: C) Tapeworms

Question: What is the primary function of the rumen in ruminant animals?


A) Water absorption

B) Starch digestion

C) Cellulose digestion

D) Fat metabolism

Answer: C) Cellulose digestion

Question: Which breed of goat is known for its high milk production?


A) Boer

B) Saanen

C) Nubian

D) Angora

Answer: B) Saanen

Question: What is the common purpose of using ear tags in livestock management?


A) Enhancing hearing

B) Aesthetic purposes

C) Identifying individual animals

D) Preventing infections

Answer: C) Identifying individual animals

Question: Which hormone is responsible for milk let-down in lactating mammals?


A) Insulin

B) Oxytocin

C) Estrogen

D) Progesterone

Answer: B) Oxytocin

Question: In poultry farming, what is the purpose of the brooder?


A) Egg incubation

B) Providing heat to young chicks

C) Feeding adult chickens

D) Protecting against predators

Answer: B) Providing heat to young chicks.


Section B: Theory Questions


Question: Explain the importance of biosecurity in animal husbandry.


Answer: Biosecurity is crucial in preventing the spread of diseases among animals and protecting the health of both animals and humans. It involves implementing measures to control the introduction and spread of infectious agents, thereby safeguarding the overall well-being of the livestock.

Question: Discuss the concept of rotational grazing and its benefits in pasture management.


Answer: Rotational grazing involves moving livestock through a series of paddocks, allowing pastures to rest and regenerate. This practice improves forage utilization, prevents overgrazing, enhances soil health, and promotes sustainable pasture management.

Question: Describe the role of genetic selection in improving livestock productivity.


Answer: Genetic selection involves choosing animals with desirable traits for breeding, aiming to enhance specific characteristics such as milk production, growth rate, or disease resistance. This process contributes to the development of more productive and resilient livestock populations.

Question: Outline the key factors to consider when designing a comfortable housing facility for dairy cattle.


Answer: Factors to consider include adequate ventilation, proper lighting, comfortable resting areas, and effective waste management. These elements contribute to the well-being of dairy cattle, ensuring optimal health and milk production.

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