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Past Questions and Answers

Visual Arts/Creative Arts JAMB Past Questions And Answers (Objectives and Theory)

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Visual Arts/Creative Arts JAMB Past Questions And Answers (Objectives and Theory)


Visual Arts questions with objectives and answers, followed by 5 theory questions and answers as Section B:


Section A: Multiple Choice Questions


Who painted the famous artwork “The Persistence of Memory”?

A) Pablo Picasso

B) Vincent van Gogh

C) Salvador Dalí

D) Claude Monet

Answer: C) Salvador Dalí


Which art movement is known for its use of everyday objects and images from popular culture?

A) Surrealism

B) Cubism

C) Pop Art

D) Impressionism

Answer: C) Pop Art


Who sculpted the famous statue of David?

A) Michelangelo

B) Donatello

C) Leonardo da Vinci

D) Raphael

Answer: A) Michelangelo


Which artist is famous for his series of paintings depicting water lilies?

A) Claude Monet

B) Vincent van Gogh

C) Pablo Picasso

D) Henri Matisse

Answer: A) Claude Monet


Who designed the iconic glass pyramid at the Louvre Museum in Paris?

A) Frank Gehry

B) Zaha Hadid

C) I.M. Pei

D) Frank Lloyd Wright

Answer: C) I.M. Pei


Which art movement focused on capturing the fleeting impressions of light and color in landscapes?

A) Cubism

B) Surrealism

C) Impressionism

D) Fauvism

Answer: C) Impressionism


Which artist is known for his famous painting “The Starry Night”?

A) Pablo Picasso

B) Vincent van Gogh

C) Salvador Dalí

D) Edvard Munch

Answer: B) Vincent van Gogh


The Sistine Chapel ceiling was painted by which Renaissance artist?

A) Raphael

B) Donatello

C) Leonardo da Vinci

D) Michelangelo

Answer: D) Michelangelo


Which sculptor is known for his series of sculptures called “The Thinker”?

A) Auguste Rodin

B) Constantin Brâncuși

C) Alberto Giacometti

D) Alexander Calder

Answer: A) Auguste Rodin


Which artistic movement aimed to depict the subconscious mind and dreams through fantastical imagery?

A) Cubism

B) Surrealism

C) Expressionism

D) Fauvism

Answer: B) Surrealism


Section B: Theory Questions


Discuss the significance of abstraction in visual arts, citing examples and its impact on modern art.

Answer: Abstraction in visual arts refers to the departure from representational or realistic depiction towards simplification or distortion of forms, colors, and compositions. This movement towards non-representational imagery aims to convey emotions, concepts, or ideas through shapes, lines, and colors divorced from recognizable objects. Artists like Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian pioneered abstract art, exploring the potential for pure visual expression. Abstraction has had a profound impact on modern art, influencing movements like Abstract Expressionism, where artists like Jackson Pollock created large-scale paintings with gestural brushstrokes and expressive colors. Additionally, the geometric abstraction of artists like Kazimir Malevich and Theo van Doesburg pushed the boundaries of visual representation, challenging viewers to engage with art on a purely visual and emotional level. Abstraction continues to inspire contemporary artists to experiment with form, color, and texture, expanding the possibilities of artistic expression.


Explain the role of composition in visual arts, discussing its principles and how they contribute to the overall impact of an artwork.

Answer: Composition in visual arts refers to the arrangement of elements within an artwork to create a harmonious and visually pleasing whole. The principles of composition include balance, unity, contrast, rhythm, emphasis, and proportion. Balance ensures stability and equilibrium in the composition, whether symmetrical or asymmetrical. Unity ties the elements together to create a cohesive whole, often achieved through repetition or continuity. Contrast creates visual interest by juxtaposing different elements such as light and dark, large and small, or smooth and textured. Rhythm establishes a sense of movement or flow, guiding the viewer’s eye through the composition. Emphasis directs attention to focal points or important elements within the artwork, highlighting their significance. Proportion ensures that the size and scale of elements are visually pleasing and harmonious. Together, these principles contribute to the overall impact and effectiveness of an artwork, guiding the viewer’s interpretation and emotional response.


Discuss the significance of art criticism in the appreciation and evaluation of visual artworks, citing examples of influential art critics.

Answer: Art criticism plays a crucial role in the appreciation, interpretation, and evaluation of visual artworks, providing insights and perspectives that enhance our understanding of art. Art critics analyze artworks based on aesthetic, historical, cultural, and conceptual criteria, offering interpretations and judgments that inform public discourse and appreciation of art. Influential art critics include Clement Greenberg, whose writings on Abstract Expressionism helped shape its reception and understanding in the mid-20th century. Similarly, Rosalind Krauss and Hal Foster contributed to the critical discourse on contemporary art, exploring themes such as postmodernism, feminism, and globalization. Art criticism engages with the broader socio-political context, addressing issues of representation, identity, and power within the art world. By fostering dialogue and debate, art criticism enriches our engagement with visual culture, challenging assumptions and expanding the boundaries of artistic expression.


Analyze the impact of technology on contemporary visual arts, citing specific examples and innovations.

Answer: Technology has had a profound impact on contemporary visual arts, revolutionizing artistic production, distribution, and consumption. Digital tools such as computers, software, and 3D printers have expanded the possibilities for artistic expression, allowing artists to create immersive installations, interactive experiences, and digital artworks that transcend traditional media. Artists like Olafur Eliasson use technology to create immersive environments that combine light, sound, and space, engaging viewers in multisensory experiences. Additionally, social media platforms and online galleries have democratized access to art, allowing artists to reach global audiences and engage directly with their viewers. Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) technologies offer new avenues for artistic exploration, blurring the boundaries between physical and digital realities. Overall, technology has transformed the landscape of contemporary visual arts, empowering artists to experiment with new forms, engage with diverse audiences, and address pressing social and environmental issues in innovative ways.


Discuss the concept of art as a form of cultural expression and identity, citing examples from diverse cultural contexts.

**Answer: Art serves as a powerful means of cultural expression and identity, reflecting the beliefs, values, and experiences of diverse communities around the world. In indigenous cultures, art often embodies spiritual beliefs, ancestral knowledge, and connections to the natural world, as seen in the traditional masks of the Northwest Coast Indigenous peoples or the rock art of Australian Aboriginal communities. Similarly, folk art traditions celebrate cultural heritage and community identity, from the intricate textiles of Peru’s Quechua weavers to the vibrant ceramics of Mexico’s Talavera.

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