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Past Questions and Answers

SS2 First Term Geography Past Questions And Answers

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SS2 First Term Geography Past Questions And Answers


Question: What is the primary source of energy for Earth’s atmosphere?


a) Geothermal energy

b) Solar energy

c) Wind energy

d) Nuclear energy

Answer: b) Solar energy

Question: Which layer of the Earth’s atmosphere contains the ozone layer?


a) Troposphere

b) Stratosphere

c) Mesosphere

d) Thermosphere

Answer: b) Stratosphere

Question: What is the process of soil particles being carried away by water called?


a) Erosion

b) Weathering

c) Deposition

d) Sedimentation

Answer: a) Erosion

Question: Which type of map is used to show the distribution of rainfall in a region?


a) Political map

b) Topographic map

c) Climatic map

d) Geological map

Answer: c) Climatic map

Question: What is the imaginary line that divides the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres called?


a) Prime Meridian

b) Equator

c) Tropic of Cancer

d) Tropic of Capricorn

Answer: b) Equator

Question: Which type of rainfall occurs when moist air is lifted over a mountain barrier?


a) Convectional rainfall

b) Orographic rainfall

c) Cyclonic rainfall

d) Frontal rainfall

Answer: b) Orographic rainfall

Question: The process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles is known as:


a) Deposition

b) Weathering

c) Erosion

d) Sedimentation

Answer: b) Weathering

Question: What is the name of the largest ocean on Earth?


a) Indian Ocean

b) Atlantic Ocean

c) Southern Ocean

d) Pacific Ocean

Answer: d) Pacific Ocean

Question: In which type of forest are trees adapted to survive in dry conditions?


a) Rainforest

b) Deciduous forest

c) Coniferous forest

d) Desert scrub

Answer: d) Desert scrub

Question: Which latitude receives the most direct sunlight throughout the year?


a) Equator

b) Tropic of Cancer

c) Tropic of Capricorn

d) Arctic Circle

Answer: a) Equator

Question: What is the process of turning saltwater into freshwater through heat called?


a) Condensation

b) Desalination

c) Evaporation

d) Filtration

Answer: b) Desalination

Question: Which type of soil is rich in nutrients and well-suited for agriculture?


a) Sandy soil

b) Clayey soil

c) Loamy soil

d) Rocky soil

Answer: c) Loamy soil

Question: What is the term for the continuous movement of water between the Earth’s surface and the atmosphere?


a) Transpiration

b) Condensation

c) Precipitation

d) Hydrological cycle

Answer: d) Hydrological cycle

Question: Which gas makes up the majority of the Earth’s atmosphere?


a) Oxygen

b) Nitrogen

c) Carbon dioxide

d) Argon

Answer: b) Nitrogen

Question: What is the term for a sudden shaking of the ground caused by movements beneath the Earth’s surface?


a) Tornado

b) Hurricane

c) Earthquake

d) Tsunami

Answer: c) Earthquake

Question: Which type of plate boundary is associated with volcanic activity?


a) Divergent boundary

b) Convergent boundary

c) Transform boundary

d) Subduction zone

Answer: b) Convergent boundary

Question: Which layer of the Earth is responsible for generating its magnetic field?


a) Outer core

b) Inner core

c) Mantle

d) Crust

Answer: a) Outer core

Question: The movement of sand dunes across a landscape is known as:


a) Soil creep

b) Deflation

c) Saltation

d) Desertification

Answer: c) Saltation

Question: What is the term for a body of water that is partially enclosed by land?


a) Bay

b) Gulf

c) Lagoon

d) Fjord

Answer: a) Bay

Question: In which biome would you find permafrost, characterized by permanently frozen soil?


a) Tundra

b) Grassland

c) Taiga

d) Temperate forest

Answer: a) Tundra.

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