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Past Questions and Answers

NABTEB Geography Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)

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NABTEB Geography Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)


Section A: Multiple Choice Questions


Which country is known as the “Land of the Midnight Sun”?

A) Finland

B) Sweden

C) Norway

D) Iceland

Answer: C) Norway

What is the capital of Argentina?

A) Santiago

B) Buenos Aires

C) Lima

D) Bogotá

Answer: B) Buenos Aires

Which river is often referred to as the “Blue Nile”?

A) Nile

B) Niger

C) Congo

D) Blue Nile

Answer: D) Blue Nile

In which country would you find the ancient city of Petra?

A) Egypt

B) Jordan

C) Lebanon

D) Iraq

Answer: B) Jordan

What is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea?

A) Corsica

B) Sicily

C) Sardinia

D) Crete

Answer: B) Sicily

Which Asian river is considered the cradle of ancient Indian civilization?

A) Ganges

B) Yangtze

C) Mekong

D) Indus

Answer: D) Indus

What is the capital of South Africa?

A) Cape Town

B) Pretoria

C) Johannesburg

D) Durban

Answer: B) Pretoria

In which country is Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak, located?

A) Nepal

B) India

C) China

D) Bhutan

Answer: A) Nepal

Which desert is located in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico?

A) Mojave Desert

B) Sonoran Desert

C) Great Basin Desert

D) Chihuahuan Desert

Answer: D) Chihuahuan Desert

What is the currency of Thailand?


A) Baht

B) Ringgit

C) Dong

D) Kyat

Answer: A) Baht

Which sea is bordered by Italy, Croatia, Montenegro, and Albania?


A) Adriatic Sea

B) Ionian Sea

C) Tyrrhenian Sea

D) Aegean Sea

Answer: A) Adriatic Sea

What is the primary river flowing through Baghdad, the capital of Iraq?


A) Euphrates

B) Tigris

C) Jordan

D) Nile

Answer: B) Tigris

In which continent is the Atacama Desert, one of the driest deserts on Earth?


A) Asia

B) South America

C) Africa

D) Australia

Answer: B) South America

Which strait separates the Red Sea from the Gulf of Aden?


A) Bosporus Strait

B) Strait of Hormuz

C) Bab el Mandeb

D) Malacca Strait

Answer: C) Bab el Mandeb

What is the official language of Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa?


A) Swahili

B) Yoruba

C) Hausa

D) Igbo

Answer: C) Hausa


Section B: Theory Questions


Question: Explain the concept of cultural diffusion and provide an example.


Answer: Cultural diffusion refers to the spread of cultural elements from one society to another. An example is the global popularity of American fast food chains, such as McDonald’s, in various countries around the world.

Question: Discuss the role of natural disasters in shaping geographical landscapes.


Answer: Natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, and volcanic eruptions play a significant role in altering geographical features. They can create mountains, change river courses, and impact ecosystems.

Question: Define the concept of political geography and its relevance in international relations.


Answer: Political geography examines the spatial distribution of political processes and how they interact with physical and human geography. It is relevant in understanding borders, geopolitical conflicts, and the influence of geography on political power.

Question: Explore the impact of globalization on local cultures and economies.


Answer: Globalization has led to increased interconnectedness, affecting local cultures by introducing new ideas and lifestyles. Economically, it has facilitated the flow of goods, services, and capital across borders.

Question: Discuss the significance of the Green Revolution in agricultural development.


Answer: The Green Revolution refers to the adoption of high-yielding crop varieties and modern agricultural techniques. It played a crucial role in increasing food production, alleviating hunger, and supporting population growth in many parts of the world.

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