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Past Questions and Answers

Civic Education JAMB Past Questions And Answers (Objectives and Theory)

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Civic Education JAMB Past Questions And Answers (Objectives and Theory)


Civic Education questions:


Section A: Multiple Choice Questions


Question: What is the main function of the legislative branch of government?

A) Enforcing laws

B) Making laws

C) Interpreting laws

D) Electing officials

Answer: B) Making laws

Question: Who is the head of the executive branch in the United States?

A) Speaker of the House

B) Chief Justice

C) President

D) Majority Leader

Answer: C) President

Question: What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights in the United States Constitution?

A) To establish the basic structure of government

B) To list the rights and freedoms of citizens

C) To outline the responsibilities of the President

D) To define the powers of Congress

Answer: B) To list the rights and freedoms of citizens

Question: Which branch of government is responsible for interpreting laws?

A) Legislative

B) Executive

C) Judicial

D) Regulatory

Answer: C) Judicial

Question: What is the purpose of the electoral college in the United States presidential election?

A) To elect the President and Vice President

B) To advise the President on foreign policy

C) To conduct impeachment trials

D) To approve treaties with other countries

Answer: A) To elect the President and Vice President


Section B: Theory Questions


Question: Define democracy and explain its importance in society.


Answer: Democracy is a system of government where power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives. It is important in society as it ensures that citizens have a voice in decision-making, promotes equality and participation, and protects individual rights and freedoms.

Question: What are the three branches of government in the United States, and what are their main functions?


Answer: The three branches of government are the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The legislative branch makes laws, the executive branch enforces laws, and the judicial branch interprets laws.

Question: Explain the concept of checks and balances in government.


Answer: Checks and balances is a system where each branch of government has some measure of influence over the other branches, thereby preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful. This system helps ensure that no branch oversteps its constitutional authority.

Question: Discuss the importance of civic responsibility in a democratic society.


Answer: Civic responsibility refers to the duties and obligations that citizens have to their community and country. In a democratic society, it is important for citizens to actively participate in civic duties such as voting, serving on juries, obeying laws, paying taxes, and staying informed about public issues. These actions contribute to the functioning of democracy and the well-being of society as a whole.

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