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Past Questions and Answers

WAEC Geography Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)

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WAEC Geography Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)


Section A: Multiple Choice Questions


What is the capital city of Australia?


A) Sydney

B) Melbourne

C) Canberra

D) Brisbane

Answer: C) Canberra

Which river is the longest in the world?


A) Nile

B) Amazon

C) Yangtze

D) Mississippi

Answer: A) Nile

In which continent is the Sahara Desert located?


A) Asia

B) Africa

C) South America

D) Europe

Answer: B) Africa

What is the highest mountain in North America?


A) Mount Kilimanjaro

B) Denali (Mount McKinley)

C) Mount Elbrus

D) Pico de Orizaba

Answer: B) Denali (Mount McKinley)

Which ocean is the largest by surface area?


A) Atlantic Ocean

B) Indian Ocean

C) Southern Ocean

D) Pacific Ocean

Answer: D) Pacific Ocean

What is the capital of Japan?


A) Beijing

B) Tokyo

C) Seoul

D) Bangkok

Answer: B) Tokyo

Which country is known as the Land of the Rising Sun?


A) China

B) Japan

C) South Korea

D) Vietnam

Answer: B) Japan

What is the smallest country in the world by land area?


A) Monaco

B) Vatican City

C) Nauru

D) San Marino

Answer: B) Vatican City

Through which continent does the Prime Meridian pass?


A) Asia

B) Europe

C) North America

D) Africa

Answer: D) Africa

Which mountain range separates Europe and Asia?


A) Andes

B) Himalayas

C) Ural Mountains

D) Rocky Mountains

Answer: C) Ural Mountains

What is the largest island in the Caribbean Sea?


A) Jamaica

B) Cuba

C) Puerto Rico

D) Hispaniola

Answer: B) Cuba

Which river is known as the “Mother of Rivers”?


A) Ganges

B) Nile

C) Amazon

D) Yangtze

Answer: A) Ganges

In which country would you find the Great Barrier Reef?


A) Australia

B) Brazil

C) Mexico

D) Thailand

Answer: A) Australia

Which two countries share the longest international border?


A) USA and Canada

B) Russia and China

C) Brazil and Argentina

D) India and Pakistan

Answer: A) USA and Canada

What is the currency of South Africa?


A) Rand

B) Peso

C) Baht

D) Real

Answer: A) Rand

Which African country is known as the “Pearl of Africa”?


A) Kenya

B) Uganda

C) Tanzania

D) Rwanda

Answer: B) Uganda

What is the highest waterfall in the world?


A) Victoria Falls

B) Angel Falls

C) Iguazu Falls

D) Niagara Falls

Answer: B) Angel Falls

Which desert is often called the “Roof of the World”?


A) Gobi Desert

B) Atacama Desert

C) Tibetan Plateau

D) Kalahari Desert

Answer: C) Tibetan Plateau

Which European city is divided by the Danube River?


A) Budapest

B) Vienna

C) Prague

D) Belgrade

Answer: A) Budapest

What is the largest lake in Africa?


A) Lake Malawi

B) Lake Tanganyika

C) Lake Victoria

D) Lake Chad

Answer: C) Lake Victoria


Section B: Theory Questions and Answers


Question: Explain the concept of plate tectonics.


Answer: Plate tectonics is the theory that Earth’s lithosphere is divided into large, rigid plates that move over the underlying, more fluid asthenosphere, causing earthquakes, volcanic activity, and the formation of mountain ranges.

Question: What is climate change, and what are its primary causes?


Answer: Climate change refers to long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, and other atmospheric conditions on Earth. Primary causes include human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes.

Question: Define the term “biodiversity” and explain its importance.


Answer: Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth, including the diversity of species, ecosystems, and genetic diversity within species. It is important for ecological balance, resilience, and providing ecosystem services essential for human well-being.

Question: Describe the water cycle and its role in Earth’s ecosystems.


Answer: The water cycle involves the continuous movement of water between the atmosphere, land, and oceans through processes like evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff. It plays a crucial role in sustaining life and shaping ecosystems.

Question: What are the factors influencing population distribution around the world?


Answer: Population distribution is influenced by factors such as climate, topography, water availability, economic opportunities, and historical factors. Regions with favorable conditions tend to have higher population densities.

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