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Past Questions and Answers

NECO Geography Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)

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NECO Geography Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)


Section A: Multiple Choice Questions (continued)


Which country is the largest by land area?

A) Russia

B) Canada

C) United States

D) China

Answer: A) Russia

In which ocean is the famous Great Barrier Reef located?

A) Indian Ocean

B) Atlantic Ocean

C) Pacific Ocean

D) Southern Ocean

Answer: C) Pacific Ocean

What is the capital city of Brazil?

A) Rio de Janeiro

B) Brasília

C) São Paulo

D) Buenos Aires

Answer: B) Brasília

Which African country is known as the “Rainbow Nation”?

A) Nigeria

B) Kenya

C) South Africa

D) Egypt

Answer: C) South Africa

What is the official language of Iran?

A) Arabic

B) Turkish

C) Persian (Farsi)

D) Urdu

Answer: C) Persian (Farsi)

Which mountain range separates Europe from Asia Minor?

A) Carpathian Mountains

B) Alps

C) Caucasus Mountains

D) Pyrenees

Answer: C) Caucasus Mountains

What is the capital of New Zealand?

A) Sydney

B) Wellington

C) Auckland

D) Christchurch

Answer: B) Wellington

Which river is the longest in South America?

A) Amazon

B) Paraná

C) Orinoco

D) Magdalena

Answer: A) Amazon

In which continent is the Kalahari Desert located?

A) Asia

B) Africa

C) Australia

D) South America

Answer: B) Africa

What is the currency of Japan?


A) Won

B) Yen

C) Yuan

D) Ringgit

Answer: B) Yen

Which strait separates Africa from Europe?


A) Strait of Gibraltar

B) Bosporus Strait

C) Strait of Hormuz

D) Malacca Strait

Answer: A) Strait of Gibraltar

What is the largest desert in the world by area?


A) Sahara Desert

B) Antarctic Desert

C) Gobi Desert

D) Arabian Desert

Answer: B) Antarctic Desert

Which two South American countries are landlocked?


A) Argentina and Brazil

B) Bolivia and Paraguay

C) Colombia and Venezuela

D) Chile and Ecuador

Answer: B) Bolivia and Paraguay

What is the capital of South Korea?


A) Seoul

B) Tokyo

C) Beijing

D) Hanoi

Answer: A) Seoul

Which ocean is the smallest by surface area?


A) Arctic Ocean

B) Indian Ocean

C) Southern Ocean

D) Atlantic Ocean

Answer: A) Arctic Ocean


Section B: Theory Questions


Question: Explain the concept of urbanization and its impact on societies.


Answer: Urbanization is the process of increasing population concentration in cities. It brings about changes in lifestyle, infrastructure demands, and economic activities. Impact includes both positive aspects such as improved access to services and challenges like congestion and pollution.

Question: Discuss the significance of the Amazon Rainforest in terms of biodiversity and environmental health.


Answer: The Amazon Rainforest is crucial for global biodiversity, housing a vast array of plant and animal species. It also plays a vital role in regulating the Earth’s climate by absorbing and releasing large amounts of carbon dioxide.

Question: Define the term “cultural landscape” and provide an example.


Answer: A cultural landscape is the interaction between human culture and the natural environment. An example is the historic city of Kyoto, Japan, where traditional architecture, gardens, and rituals are integrated into the surrounding natural features.

Question: Discuss the impact of climate change on sea levels and coastal areas.


Answer: Climate change contributes to rising sea levels due to melting ice caps and glaciers. This poses threats to coastal areas, leading to increased flooding, erosion, and the potential displacement of populations.

Question: Describe the concept of sustainable development and its importance for the future.


Answer: Sustainable development involves meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It aims for a balance between economic growth, social equity, and environmental protection to ensure a lasting and healthy future for humanity.

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