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Past Questions and Answers

JSS3 Junior Waec Music Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)

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JSS3 Junior Waec Music Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)


Section A: Objective Questions


Music Junior Waec Questions for JSS3:


Question: In music notation, what does the symbol “p” indicate?


A) Presto

B) Piano

C) Forte

D) Allegro

Answer: B) Piano

Question: Which musical term describes a gradual increase in loudness?


A) Crescendo

B) Decrescendo

C) Fortissimo

D) Diminuendo

Answer: A) Crescendo

Question: What is the main function of the conductor in an orchestra or choir?


A) Play a musical instrument

B) Sing solo parts

C) Lead and guide the ensemble

D) Set up equipment

Answer: C) Lead and guide the ensemble

Question: In music, what does the term “tempo” refer to?


A) Volume

B) Speed or pace

C) Pitch

D) Harmony

Answer: B) Speed or pace

Question: Which of the following is a percussion instrument?


A) Violin

B) Trumpet

C) Drum

D) Flute

Answer: C) Drum

Question: What is the name of the musical symbol placed at the beginning of a staff to indicate the pitch of the notes?


A) Clef

B) Bar line

C) Time signature

D) Double bar

Answer: A) Clef

Question: What is the term for a group of singers who perform together, usually with multiple vocal parts?


A) Orchestra

B) Choir

C) Band

D) Ensemble

Answer: B) Choir

Question: Which of the following is a woodwind instrument?


A) Trumpet

B) Trombone

C) Flute

D) French horn

Answer: C) Flute

Question: What is the purpose of the bridge in a song structure?


A) Provide stability

B) Connect two musical sections

C) Create tension

D) Establish the main melody

Answer: B) Connect two musical sections

Question: Which term is used to describe a rapid alternation between two adjacent pitches in music?


A) Glissando

B) Trill

C) Staccato

D) Legato

Answer: B) Trill

Question: In Western music, how many notes make up a diatonic scale?


A) 5

B) 7

C) 12

D) 8

Answer: B) 7

Question: What is the term for the distance between two pitches in music?


A) Octave

B) Interval

C) Chord

D) Harmony

Answer: B) Interval

Question: Which genre of music is characterized by its use of syncopation and improvisation, and has its roots in African traditions?


A) Classical

B) Jazz

C) Rock

D) Country

Answer: B) Jazz

Question: What is the purpose of the damper pedal on a piano?


A) Increase volume

B) Sustain or prolong notes

C) Change pitch

D) Add vibrato

Answer: B) Sustain or prolong notes

Question: Which of the following is a brass instrument?


A) Violin

B) Clarinet

C) Trumpet

D) Saxophone

Answer: C) Trumpet

Section B: Theory Questions


Question: Explain the elements of music, including melody, harmony, rhythm, dynamics, and timbre. Provide examples to illustrate each element.




Melody: A sequence of single pitches that form a musical line. Example: The tune of “Happy Birthday.”

Harmony: The combination of different musical notes played or sung simultaneously. Example: Chords played on a guitar.

Rhythm: The pattern of sounds and silences in music. Example: The steady beat in a drum rhythm.

Dynamics: The variation in loudness and intensity of music. Example: A piece that starts softly and gradually gets louder.

Timbre: The unique quality or color of a sound. Example: The difference in sound between a piano and a trumpet.

Question: Discuss the role of music in different cultures and societies. How does music contribute to cultural identity and expression?


Answer: Music plays a vital role in expressing and preserving cultural identity. It reflects the values, traditions, and emotions of a society. Different cultures use music for rituals, ceremonies, storytelling, and social gatherings. The diversity of musical styles worldwide enriches global cultural heritage and fosters understanding among communities.


Question: Explore the development and impact of a specific music genre of your choice. Discuss its origins, key characteristics, influential artists, and its influence on other genres.


Answer: (Example: Jazz)

Jazz originated in the early 20th century in the United States, drawing influences from African rhythms, blues, and European classical music. Key characteristics include improvisation, syncopation, and a variety of instrumental techniques. Influential artists like Louis Armstrong and Miles Davis shaped the genre’s evolution. Jazz has influenced numerous genres, from rock to hip-hop, leaving a lasting impact on the music landscape.


Question: Explain the concept of musical form, highlighting the common structures found in different compositions. Provide examples.

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