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Secondary School Lesson Notes and Scheme of Work

SS3 First Term Biology Lesson Note and Scheme of Work

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SS3 First Term Biology Lesson Note and Scheme of Work


Week 1: Introduction to Biology

Lesson Note: Begin with an overview of Biology, its importance, and key concepts. Discuss the scientific method and basic laboratory safety.

Scheme of Work: Introduce cells and their functions. Activities include microscope usage for cell observation.


Week 2: Cell Structure and Function

Lesson Note: Dive into cell organelles, their functions, and the differences between plant and animal cells.

Scheme of Work: Practical activities involve students preparing slides for microscopic observation of various cell types.


Week 3: Diversity of Living Organisms

Lesson Note: Explore the classification of living organisms and introduce the five kingdoms.

Scheme of Work: Group activities to classify local flora and fauna, emphasizing the importance of biodiversity.


Week 4: Genetics and Heredity

Lesson Note: Introduce Mendelian genetics, DNA structure, and the basics of inheritance.

Scheme of Work: Conduct a genetic traits survey within the class, emphasizing the concept of dominant and recessive traits.


Week 5: Evolution

Lesson Note: Discuss the theory of evolution, natural selection, and evidence supporting it.

Scheme of Work: Engage students in a debate on evolution, encouraging critical thinking and research skills.


Week 6: Human Biology – Digestive System

Lesson Note: Explore the structure and functions of the digestive system.

Scheme of Work: Practical sessions include the dissection of a model digestive system for hands-on learning.


Week 7: Human Biology – Circulatory System

Lesson Note: Cover the circulatory system, its components, and their functions.

Scheme of Work: Organize a simulation activity to demonstrate blood flow and heart function.


Week 8: Human Biology – Respiratory System

Lesson Note: Discuss the structure and functions of the respiratory system.

Scheme of Work: Conduct experiments on lung capacity and respiratory rates for practical understanding.


Week 9: Ecology

Lesson Note: Introduce ecological concepts, including ecosystems, food chains, and environmental issues.

Scheme of Work: Organize a field trip to a local ecosystem for practical observation and analysis.


Week 10: Reproduction in Plants and Animals

Lesson Note: Explore plant and animal reproduction, focusing on pollination, fertilization, and embryonic development.

Scheme of Work: Conduct experiments on seed germination and observe animal reproduction processes.


Week 11: Revision Week

Lesson Note: Review key concepts, conduct practice quizzes, and address any lingering questions.

Scheme of Work: Revise through interactive group discussions and provide additional resources for self-study.


Week 12: Examination Week

Lesson Note: Administer a comprehensive examination covering all topics.

Scheme of Work: Create an exam environment and ensure strict adherence to examination protocols.


Week 13: School Dismissal Week

Lesson Note: Recap the course, express gratitude, and encourage continued interest in Biology.

Scheme of Work: Organize a closing ceremony with student presentations on a biology-related topic of their choice.

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