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Past Questions and Answers

JSS3 Junior Waec Social Studies Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)

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JSS3 Junior Waec Social Studies Past Questions And Answers (Objective and Theory)


Section A (Objective):


Question: What is the capital city of Nigeria?


A) Accra

B) Nairobi

C) Abuja

D) Pretoria

Answer: C) Abuja

Question: Which river is the longest in the world?


A) Nile

B) Amazon

C) Yangtze

D) Mississippi

Answer: A) Nile

Question: What is the currency of Japan?


A) Won

B) Yen

C) Baht

D) Ringgit

Answer: B) Yen

Question: Who was the first President of the United States?


A) Thomas Jefferson

B) Abraham Lincoln

C) George Washington

D) John Adams

Answer: C) George Washington

Question: Which continent is known as the “Dark Continent”?


A) Asia

B) Africa

C) Europe

D) South America

Answer: B) Africa

Question: In which year did the Berlin Wall fall, leading to the reunification of Germany?


A) 1989

B) 1991

C) 1985

D) 1995

Answer: A) 1989

Question: What is the main religion in India?


A) Christianity

B) Hinduism

C) Islam

D) Buddhism

Answer: B) Hinduism

Question: Which ocean is the largest in the world?


A) Indian Ocean

B) Atlantic Ocean

C) Pacific Ocean

D) Southern Ocean

Answer: C) Pacific Ocean

Question: Who wrote “Romeo and Juliet”?


A) Charles Dickens

B) William Shakespeare

C) Jane Austen

D) Mark Twain

Answer: B) William Shakespeare

Question: Which country is known as the “Land of the Rising Sun”?


A) China

B) Japan

C) South Korea

D) Thailand

Answer: B) Japan

Question: What is the United Nations (UN) headquarters located?


A) Geneva

B) New York City

C) London

D) Paris

Answer: B) New York City

Question: Who was the leader of the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of India?


A) Mahatma Gandhi

B) Jawaharlal Nehru

C) Subhas Chandra Bose

D) Sardar Patel

Answer: B) Jawaharlal Nehru

Question: What is the official language of Brazil?


A) Spanish

B) Portuguese

C) French

D) Italian

Answer: B) Portuguese

Question: Which ancient civilization is known for building the pyramids?


A) Mesopotamia

B) Greece

C) Egypt

D) Rome

Answer: C) Egypt

Question: Who is known as the “Father of the Nation” in South Africa for his role in ending apartheid?


A) Nelson Mandela

B) Desmond Tutu

C) Thabo Mbeki

D) F.W. de Klerk

Answer: A) Nelson Mandela

Section B (Theory):


Question: Explain the concept of cultural diversity and its importance in a global context.


Answer: Cultural diversity refers to the existence of a variety of cultural groups with distinct practices, beliefs, and traditions. It is important globally as it fosters mutual understanding, enriches societies, and promotes tolerance and acceptance among people from different backgrounds.

Question: Describe the main features of the democratic system of government.


Answer: The democratic system is characterized by free and fair elections, separation of powers, protection of individual rights, and the rule of law. Citizens participate in decision-making through voting, ensuring representation and accountability.

Question: Discuss the causes and effects of deforestation on the environment and society.


Answer: Deforestation, driven by factors like logging and agriculture, leads to loss of biodiversity, disruption of ecosystems, and climate change. Its effects include soil erosion, reduced rainfall, and negative impacts on local communities and wildlife.

Question: Explore the role of the United Nations (UN) in maintaining international peace and security.


Answer: The UN plays a central role in preventing conflicts, peacekeeping, and promoting diplomatic solutions. Through its Security Council, it addresses global threats and strives to maintain peace and stability among nations.

Question: Analyze the impact of globalization on economies and cultures around the world.


Answer: Globalization involves the interconnectedness of economies and cultures. While it promotes economic growth and cultural exchange, it also raises concerns about inequality, loss of cultural identity, and exploitation of labor and resources.

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